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Item Added: Linguistics and the Study of Comics. As such, EEG offers a temporal resolution measured in milliseconds, rather than seconds, making it well suited for exploring the rapid nature of language processing. Though there are numerous ways in which the EEG signal can be analyzed, in the current chapter we will focus our attention on the most common measure: event-related potentials ERPs , the portion of the EEG signal time-locked to an event of interest, such as a word, image, or the start of a video clip. The neurophysiology of event processing in language and visual events.
In Truswell, Robert Ed. Handbook of event structure. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Labels: brains , event structure , linguistics , papers. New paper: Visual narratives and the Mind. Labels: child drawing , experiments , narrative , papers , visual grammar , visual language theory.
Saturday, May 04, New paper: Being explicit about the implicit. My cascade of recent new papers continues with my latest paper, " Being explicit about the implicit: inference generating techniques in visual narrative ", which has recently been published open access in Language and Cognition.
This is a paper that was gestating for quite awhile, and it's fun to finally see it published. This paper is about how inference is generated in visual narratives like comics—i. This has been a primary focus of studies of how comics communicate at least since McCloud's notion of "closure" in Understanding Comics, and many other scholars have posited how we "fill the gaps" for knowing what we don't see. However, much of this work has posited vague principles closure, arthrology, etc. As I hope I demonstrate in this paper, inference is not a happenstance thing, and it also doesn't occur "in the gaps between panels," as most in comics studies seem to argue.
Rather, specific techniques motivate readers to create inference. These techniques are patterned ways of showing, or not showing, information that in turn signals to readers that they need to make an inference. The figure below provides a handy-dandy summary of some of these techniques mentioned in the paper though it isn't a figure in the paper. Labels: closure , inference , narrative , papers , visual grammar , visual language theory.
Saturday, April 13, New paper: Your brain on comics. Labels: brains , cognition , experiments , linguistics , narrative , papers , visual grammar , visual language theory.
Linguistics and the Study of Comics by Frank Bramlett
Friday, April 05, Knowing the rules of comic page layouts. Labels: comic creation , experiments , page layout.
Thursday, December 20, My publications in review. The last few years I've closed out the year by summarizing all of my papers that came out , , and so this year I'm doing the same.
Review: Linguistics and the Study of Comics
It's been a diverse year of papers, with some theoretical papers, a few brainwave papers carried out by colleagues, and a corpus study. So, here are the papers that I published in Labels: papers. Labels: book reviews , graphic signs , linguistics , reviews. Tuesday, November 27, New paper: The cultural pages of comics. Labels: corpus analyses , cross-cultural VL , manga , page layout , papers. Thursday, September 13, New paper: Visual and linguistic narrative comprehension in autism spectrum disorders. My new paper with my collaborator, Emily Coderre, is finally out in Brain and Language.
Our paper,"Visual and linguistic narrative comprehension in autism spectrum disorders: Neural evidence for modality-independent impairments," examines the neurocognition of how meaning is processed in verbal and visual narratives for individuals with autism and neurotypical controls.
We designed this study because there are many reports that individuals with autism do better with visual than verbal information. In the brain literature, we also see reduced brainwaves indicative of semantic processing for language processing in these individuals.
So, we asked here: are these observations about semantic processing due to differences between visual and verbal information, or is it due to processing meaning across a sequence. Thus, we presented both individuals with autism and neurotypical controls with either verbal or visual narratives i. This implies that it's not a deficit in processing of a type of modality, but in a more general type of information processing.
The full paper is available at my Downloadable Papers page, or at this link pdf. Abstract Individuals with autism spectrum disorders ASD have notable language difficulties, including with understanding narratives. However, most narrative comprehension studies have used written or spoken narratives, making it unclear whether narrative difficulties stem from language impairments or more global impairments in the kinds of general cognitive processes such as understanding meaning and structural sequencing that are involved in narrative comprehension.
Using event-related potentials ERPs , we directly compared semantic comprehension of linguistic narratives short sentences and visual narratives comic panels in adults with ASD and typically-developing TD adults. Compared to the TD group, the ASD group showed reduced N effects for both linguistic and visual narratives, suggesting comprehension impairments for both types of narratives and thereby implicating a more domain-general impairment.
Based on these results, we propose that individuals with ASD use a more bottom-up style of processing during narrative comprehension. Coderre, Emily L. Labels: autism , brains , experiments , papers , visual grammar.
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