Sea cliffs dominate the peninsula's northern shore along the St.
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Lawrence River. Lawrence, is the easternmost point of the peninsula. The interior portions of the peninsula are dominated by the Chic-Choc Mountains , part of the Notre Dame Mountains , an extension of the Appalachian Mountains.
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It is reached by Route , which extends inland from the northern shore of the peninsula, soon climbing into the mountains and entering vast forests, crossing several small rivers before reaching the town. The economy of the peninsula has historically been focused on fishing, agriculture and forestry. However, primary resource based industries are suffering due to overfishing , overexploitation and fewer numbers of farmers in business, forcing the region to move towards tourism and the services industry.
The peninsula is one of Quebec's most popular tourism regions. A section of the International Appalachian Trail travels through the peninsula's mountains. Bonaventure National Park is located here. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in French.
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View a machine-translated version of the French article. Machine translation like Deepl or Google Translate is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Basque, French, Portuguese and Spanish fleets sailed here to fish for cod.
These fishermen were not settlers, however. They arrived in spring, fished all summer long and sailed back across the Atlantic in fall. That being said, archaeologists have found an abundance of traces bearing witness to the human occupation of Penouille under the French Regime, including Norman stoneware fragments dating from the 16th to the 18th centuries, fragments of French bricks and glass bottles, wrought iron nails, etc.
When added to the vestiges of fishing shacks e. From Penouille to Anse-aux-Sauvages, including Grande-Grave, soldiers set fire to houses, fishing boats and gear, and destroyed several thousand quintals of cod. In their ongoing quest for manpower, Jersey-based fishing companies hired a considerable number of fishermen, clerks, carpenters, seamen and other workers from Jersey and Guernsey.
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European fishermen frequented the site of Grande-Grave from as far back as the French Regime. In , the Jersey-based company Janvrin set up for business at Grande-Grave and encouraged fishermen to settle there permanently. To ensure good return on their investment, fishing companies like Janvrin established several shoreline fishing stations and set up a system of credit for fishermen. Not long afterward, a second actor came on the scene at Grande-Grave. In , William Hyman, a Russian Jew, set up a new fishing company modelled after those operated by the Jersey merchants.
A few years later, Janvrin was taken over by William Fruing.
The village was bustling with activity. Under the control of the two main companies, seasonal and year-round fishermen, fishermen farmers, clerks, tradesmen and their families set about catching and processing i.
Visit our exhibits and travel back in time in the company of our enthusiastic guide-interpreters! In , the valley was surveyed and made open to settlement. In , the Jersey-born businessman John Le Boutillier, who had settled at the mouth of Anse-au-Griffon River, had a carriageable road put in along the former portage route. By the year following, the valley had become home to 14 houses.
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In , 37 families lived in this area, earning the better part of their income from growing grain and vegetables and raising cattle for milk and meat. Aside from their farmlands, these families often owned a woodlot whose resources could be turned to good account. In a very short time, valley sawmills were operating full time, producing boards and planking for residential construction and shipbuilding, cedar shingles, staves for the large casks used to ship dry cod, timbers for the building and repair of wharves and bridges, and so on.
In addition to these small local businesses, export companies located at the mouth of the river, such as Calhoun Lumber Co.
For the people inhabiting Anse-au-Griffon valley, fishing was a sideline — in total contrast with the people living at Grande-Grave.
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