These malevolent shape-shifting creatures often appear in legends as strong and beautiful black horses which live in the deep pools of rivers and streams in Scotland. Kelpies are known for preying on the humans they encounter. The hooves of the kelpie are thought to be reversed to those of a regular horse. In Aberdeenshire, the kelpie allegedly has a mane of serpents, while the kelpie of River Spey was known to be white and capable of singing. She was a stickler for the traditional methods and standards, apparently.
The Raven and Crow of the Celts – Part II: Fairytales and Folklore
Offerings of milk were made by home producers to appease her. Squalid in appearance as she was evil, the luideag haunted several pools on the Isle of Skye, especially the Lochan of the Black Trout. A hideous creature, part horse and part man, with long sinewy arms. He had no skin and his muscle structure and veins could be clearly seen. The nuckelavee had an aversion to fresh water.
They wore shells and could be malevolent. They are said to come on land in human form where they would dance, especially on full moon nights. TROW : is a malignant or mischievous fairy or spirit in the folkloric traditions of the Orkney and Shetland islands. Trows traditionally have a fondness for music, and folktales tell of their habit of kidnapping musicians or luring them to their dens. They are said to be benevolent. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Facebook Twitter Instagram.
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Scottish myths, folklore and legends | Scotland is Now
Dragons in Scottish Myths and Legends Every land has its tales of dragons, but Scotland is an island country, bound to the sea. Nature and Scottish Myths and Legends Many of the myths centre around the cycle of nature and the passing of the seasons with the battle between light and darkness, summer and winter. Local Myths and Legends Then there are many of the regional myths and legends which focus on a local landmark or historic event. A creature of the night.
July 5th, 0 Comments. May 17th, 0 Comments. April 12th, 0 Comments. January 24th, 0 Comments. December 27th, 0 Comments. It tells of a "tall woman dressed in green", with a "withered, meagre countenance, ever distorted by a malignant scowl", who overpowered and drowned a man and a boy after she jumped out of a stream.
The arrival of Christianity in Scotland in the 6th century resulted in some folk stories and beliefs being recorded by scribes, usually Christian monks, instead of being perpetuated by word of mouth. When thowes dissolve the snawy hoord An' float the jinglin icy boord Then, water-kelpies haunt the foord By your direction An' nighted trav'llers are allur'd To their destruction. When a kelpie appeared in its equine persona without any tack , it could be captured using a halter stamped with the sign of a cross , and its strength could then be harnessed in tasks such as the transportation of heavy mill stones.
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Once the work was complete, the laird released the kelpie, which was evidently unhappy about its treatment. If the kelpie was already wearing a bridle, exorcism might be achieved by removing it. Just as with cinematic werewolves ,  a kelpie can be killed by being shot with a silver bullet, after which it is seen to consist of nothing more than "turf and a soft mass like jelly-fish" according to an account published by Spence. Almost every sizeable Scottish body of water has a kelpie story associated with it,   but the most widely reported is the kelpie of Loch Ness. Several stories of mythical spirits and monsters are attached to the loch's vicinity, dating back to 6th-century reports of Saint Columba defeating a monster on the banks of the River Ness.
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A fable attached to the notoriously nasty creature has the Highlander James MacGrigor taking it by surprise and cutting off its bridle, the source of its power and life, without which it would die within twenty-four hours. As the kelpie had the power of speech, it attempted unsuccessfully to bargain with MacGrigor for the return of its bridle. After following MacGrigor to his home, the kelpie asserted that MacGrigor would be unable to enter his house while in possession of the bridle, because of the presence of a cross above the entrance door.
But MacGrigor outwitted the creature by tossing the bridle through a window, so the kelpie accepted its fate and left, cursing and swearing. Referred to as "Willox's Ball and Bridle", it had magical powers of healing; a spell was made by placing the items in water while chanting "In the name of the Father, the Son and of the Holy Ghost"; the water could then be used as a cure. A popular and more recent explanation for the Loch Ness monster among believers is that it belongs to a line of long-surviving plesiosaurs ,  but the kelpie myth still survives in children's books such as Mollie Hunter 's The Kelpie's Pearls and Dick King-Smith 's The Water Horse Folklorist Gary R.
Varner has suggested that the origin of the belief in water horses that preyed on and devoured humans may be a reflection of the human sacrifices once made to appease the gods of water. The association with horses may have its roots in horse sacrifices performed in ancient Scandinavia. Historian and symbologist Charles Milton Smith has hypothesised that the kelpie myth might originate with the water spouts that can form over the surface of Scottish lochs, giving the impression of a living form as they move across the water.
He watched the wheeling eddies boil, Till from their foam his dazzled eyes Beheld the River Demon rise:. Pictish stones dating from the 6th to 9th centuries featuring what has been dubbed the Pictish Beast may be the earliest representations of a kelpie or kelpie-like creature. Victorian artist Thomas Millie Dow sketched the kelpie in as a melancholy dark-haired maiden balanced on a rock,  a common depiction for artists of the period.
Construction was completed in October and the sculptures were opened for public access from April From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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For the steel sculptures in Falkirk, see The Kelpies. This article is about the aquatic creature from Scottish folklore. By contrast, post-Scott the Highlands were seen as "picturesque, romantic, loyal and a hive of industry and inventiveness," said Kelly. Scott's novels were the "fulcrum" around which Scotland's reputation turned: "The fact that we still have a national identity of any kind is down to Scott.
Scott organised the visit to Edinburgh of George IV in — the first visit to Scotland by a royal who was not arriving at the head of an army since James I. The king wore a kilt and silk stockings, sparking off a rage for tartan that has lasted to this day. Scott is also, said Kelly, "vastly underrated as a novelist.
He is self-aware, exuberant and experimental. He said: "In the preface to The Betrothed he imagines a steam-powered novel engine producing books by machinery rather than inspiration. Although he wrote some "hasty things" and some "mad things", Scott's books "incarnate a deeply humane vision of the world", said Kelly. To that extent, he makes Dickens seem regressive. He also creates some of the earliest sympathetic portraits of Jewish and Hindu characters.
It should be celebrated as a cosmopolitan, enlightened and humane writer. His Toryism was so close to Fabianism you can't put a credit card between them. Had he been alive today I think he would have taken on the new multicultural Scotland.
Related Scotlands Guardians: Myths and Legends from the Highlands
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