Many patients consider the name 'chronic fatigue syndrome' overly simplistic, and pejorative. The term 'myalgic encephalomyelitis' is also problematic, given the limited evidence for brain inflammation. Ann Intern Med.
Chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (or encephalopathy): diagnosis and management
The chronic fatigue syndrome: a comprehensive approach to its definition and study. The development of a revised Canadian myalgic encephalomyelitis chronic fatigue syndrome case definition. Am J Biochem Biotechnol. February [internet publication]. Chronic fatigue syndrome versus sudden onset myalgic encephalomyelitis. J Prev Interv Community. Eval Health Prof.
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) | healthdirect
Symptoms of PEM include fatigue, headaches, muscle aches, cognitive deficits, and insomnia. It can occur after even simple tasks e.
Problems in defining post-exertional malaise. Clinical findings six years after outbreak of Akureyri disease. Division of Rheumatology, Immunology, and Allergy. Dr James N. Baraniuk would like to gratefully acknowledge Dr Craig N. In order to receive a CFS diagnosis, your doctor will rule out other potential causes and review your medical history with you. Ruling out other potential causes of your fatigue is a key part of the diagnosis process. Some conditions with symptoms that resemble those of CFS include:. The side effects of certain drugs, such as antihistamines and alcohol , can mimic symptoms of CFS as well.
Talk to your doctor about your symptoms. They can work with you to get relief. Each person has different symptoms and therefore may require different types of treatment to manage the disorder and relieve their symptoms. Work with your team of healthcare providers to create the best treatment plan for you. They can go over the possible benefits and side effects of the therapies with you.
PEM occurs when even minor physical, mental, or emotional exertion results in CFS symptoms becoming worse. Worsening symptoms usually occur 12 to 48 hours after the activity and last for days or even weeks. Activity management, also called pacing, can help balance rest and activity to avoid PEM flare-ups.
Making some lifestyle changes may help reduce your symptoms. Limiting or eliminating your caffeine intake can help you sleep better and ease your insomnia. You should limit or avoid nicotine and alcohol, too. Create a sleep routine. Go to bed at the same time every night and aim to wake up around the same time every day. Typically, no one medication can treat all of your symptoms. Also, your symptoms may change over time, so your medications may have to as well. In many cases, CFS can trigger or be a symptom of depression.
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
You may need low-dose antidepressant therapy or a referral to a mental health provider. Pain-reducing medication can also help you cope with aches and joint pain caused by CFS.
If medication therapy is needed, it will have to be tailored for your needs. Scroll to Accept. Get the MNT newsletter. Enter your email address to subscribe to our most top categories Your privacy is important to us. Email an article. You have chosen to share the following article: How elderberries can help you fight the flu To proceed, simply complete the form below, and a link to the article will be sent by email on your behalf. Optional Comments max.
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By Ana Sandoiu. Fact checked by Jasmin Collier. Is chronic fatigue syndrome an inflammatory disease? Related coverage.
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